The German alphabet

The German alphabet.

Das deutsche Alphabet.

To master the German language it is important to have some knowledge about the German alphabet and the pronounciation rules. As follows you will find a table with all the letters of the German alphabet and some examples of words, so you can have an impression about the pronounciation. As you will notice there are letter that don't exist in the english alphabet and their pronounciation might seem difficult but you can use the play button to listen. Don't hesitate to exersize the unknown sounds by search in a German dictionary for words that begin with the letter ö, ü or containing the vowel groups ei, eu, äu, ie, eu.

The German ABC.

(Das deutsche ABC)

Letter Listen Exemples
A, a > > Apfel  (apple), August  (august), April (April), Anruf (call)
Ä, ä > Bär (bear), Bäder (baths), Bäckerei (bakery), Bänker (banker) 
B, b > > Baum (tree), Burg (citadel), Birne (pear)
C, c > > Clone (clone), Campus, Computer
D, d > > Dach (roof), Dank (thank), Dame (miss)
E, e > > Ente (duck), Eck (angle), Elefant 
F, f > > Fenster (window), Frau (woman), Frage (question)
G, g > > Gabel (fork), Gebeude (building), Gedanke (thoughts)
H, h > > Holz (wood), Haus (house), Hilfe (help)
I, i > > Idee (idea), Insekt, Ikone (icon)
J, j > > Jahr (year), Johann (male name), Jacke (jacket)
K, k > > Kopf (head), Kind (child), Kuchen (cake), Kugel (ball)
L, l > > Liebe (love), Leben (life), Luft (air)
M, m > > Mutter (mother), Mann (man)
N, n > > Name (name), Nacht (night)
O, o > > Otto, Oben (above), Obst (fruit)
Ö, ö > > Öl (oil), öffnen (to open)
P, p > > Prinz (prince), Park, Paket (package)
Q, q > > Quelle (source), Qualität (quality)
R, r > > rot (red), Rat (advice), Rache (revenge)
S, s > > Sache (thing), Sport, Spiel (game)
ß > > Süß (sweet), groß (big)
T, t > > Traum (dream), Thema (topic), Tanz (dance)
U, u > > Umgang (maneuver), Uhr (clock)
Ü, ü > > Übung (exercize), über (above) 
V, v > > Vogel (bird), Volk (nation)
W, w > > Wagen (car), Wolf, Waage (weighing machine)
X, x > > Hexe (witch), Reflex, Text
Y, y > > Yvonne (girl's name), Pony (ponei)
Z, z  > > Zeit (time), Ziel (target), Zimmer (room)
Zis pronounced "tz"
Vis pronounced "f"
s - is pronounced z when it is followed by a vowel, and "sh" when it is followed by a consonant.
ei – is pronounced in english: I

Examples: Ei (egg), Eins (one), Stein (rock), Bein (leg) >

 

ie – is pronounced: "ee"

Examples: Diesel, diese (this), nie (never), die (definite article for feminine gender or article indicating plural) >

 

eu – is pronounced: "oy"

Exemple: Eule (owl), Gebeude (building), Fahrzeug (vehicle) >

 

äu – is pronounced: "oy"

Exemple: Mäuse (mouses), Bäume (trees) >

 

ch – is pronounced like an accented "h"

Exemple: Mädchen (garl), Märchen (story), acht (eight), machen (to do) >

 

sch – is pronounced: "sh"

Exemple: Schule (school), Schuhe (shoes), Schuld (fault), Schreiber (writer) >

ß – is pronounced: like a long "s", it is the same as it would be double "s", it is called ”scharfes S” 

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